Do You know WHAT IS SHUDDH, KOMAL AND TIVRA SWAR?
If I ask you how many swaras are there in music what will be your answer?
Whatever you answer may be. In this blog, let us talk about WHAT IS SHUDDH, KOMAL AND TIVRA SWAR? which will improve your music skills and make you a better musician..!!
Of the 22 Shruti, the main 12 shruti are called swaras. They are called as Shadj, Rishabh, Gandhar, Madhyam, Pancham, Dhaivat and Nishad. The most common way of spelling them is ( Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha and Ni ). This is called “Sargam“.
There are two types of Swaras: Shuddh Swar and Vikrit Swar
1. Shuddh Swar
Out of the 12 swaras, 7 swaras are the pure swaras. These 7 swaras are available on every instrument which we usually called as Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni. They have a fixed place in the octaves. Read the full blog to understand WHAT IS SHUDDH, KOMAL AND TIVRA SWAR?
2. Vikrit Swar
Shuddh Swar are the origin of Vikrit Swar. Out of the 7 Shuddh Swar, 5 are Vikrit Swar. The speciality of these swaras are that they are Shuddh and Vikrit too. They go up or down from their original swar.
In Indian Classical Music, there are two types of Vikrit Swar: Komal Vikrit Swar and Tivra Vikrit Swar.
When a swar goes up from it’s original swar it is called as Tivra Vikrit Swar and only one swar can be Tivra, that is: Ma
Therefore, according to Indian Classical Music, there are 7 Shuddh Swar, 4 Komal Swar and 1 Tivra Swar. Combining all the swaras we get total 12 Swaras.